The legal basis for implementation of co-production projects between Russia and other countries is:
1. European Convention on Cinematographic Co-Production (1992). European convention has been signed and ratified by more than 40 countries - members of the Council of Europe. Russia became a member of the European Convention on Cinematographic Co-Production at the beginning of 1994 that has allowed beginning realization a tripartite film projects.
2. International agreements on cooperation and co-production in the sphere of cinematography and culture. Currently, agreements and protocols on co-production with Russia have been signed with:
Canada – «Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of Canada on relations in the audio-visual sphere» on October 5, 1995;
Italy – «Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Italian Republic on cooperation in cinematography» on November 28, 2002;
Bulgaria – «Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Bulgaria on cooperation in cinematography» on July 7, 2004;
France – «Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of France on Cultural Cooperation» on February 6, 1992. Also co-production between Russia and France is free to go by the Agreement on Cooperation in Cinematography between the Government of the USSR and the Government of the Republic of France signed on July 8, 1967. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia has confirmed that this Agreement may be officially used as a legally valid document in the process of cooperation between Russian and French cinematographers;
The CIS countries – «Agreement on co-production» on November 14, 2008.
3. The Federal Law of August 22, 1996 №126-FZ «On State support of Cinematography in the Russian Federation». In 2010 in order to expand opportunities for international co-production with countries that do not have international agreements with the Russian Federation and are not members of the European Convention on Co-production, the Federal Law of August 22, 1996 №126-FZ «On State support of Cinematography in the Russian Federation» was amended. Learn more which films might obtain status of «National film».
4. Other agreements:
Russia's participation in Eurimages - the Council of Europe fund for the co-production, distribution and exhibition of European cinematographic works. Set up in 1988 as a Partial Agreement it currently has 35 Member States. Russia became a member of Eurimages March 1, 2011.
In 2010 the Cinema Fund and the Italian film company Cinecitta 'Luce concluded a cooperation agreement under which the Cinema Fund will provide to 2 million euro a year to production an Italian-Russian projects.
Information provided by Russian Cinema Fund